Dissemination Strategy on Electricity Balancing
for Large Scale Integration of Renewable Energy
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About Desire:

Objectives Background The Project Work Packages Consortium Partners


  • To promote the integration of fluctuating renewable energy supplies into local and regional electricity systems.
  • To balance wind power in the European electricity system by use of Combined Heat and Power (CHP).
  • To disseminate the knowledge created to market actors in Europe.
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European electricity problems
The European electricity market is facing upcoming problems. Proportions of renewable electricity rise in Europe, while local electricity systems are unable to absorb the excess capacity. This means that we are unable to use the renewable electricity produced. Interconnectors of electricity are blocked up by the need to transport excess supplies across the EU borders. At the same time, the competitiveness of the European electricity market is constrained. The DESIRE project addresses these problems.

Sustainability and competitiveness
The project acknowledges the need for balancing various systems in the creation of a sustainable and competitive European electricity market. Today, big power plants are used to balancing most aspects of electricity supply and demand.

The DESIRE project disseminates cutting-edge software tools and systems that enable small and medium-sized Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plants to combine or 'co-produce' their electricity. The balancing achieved through this co-production ensures that most wind power is used locally. In turn, the pressure on international inter-connectors is relieved and the international trade of electricity becomes more competitive. Consumers will experience that electricity prices drop and the quality of the electricity supplied becomes higher.

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The Project

Demonstration of techniques
The DESIRE project develops methods and disseminates practices for the integration of renewable electricity. Combined Heat and Power (CHP) can work with wind power to produce a balanced and more predictable supply of electricity. When an excessive wind power production takes place, the CHP unit decreases its production and relies on its heat store to satisfy the heat demand. When wind production is low, the CHP plant operates in order to build up heat stores and make up for the lack of electricity produced on wind power. In the project, these balancing techniques are demonstrated at case study plants in Denmark, Germany, and the UK, and supplemented by studies in Spain, Poland,and Estonia. The demonstrations are used for a further improvement of the guidelines on cogeneration which will be disseminated to market actors in Europe.

Identification of barriers and solutions
In some European countries, CHP is a well-known and widely used technology. In others, CHP has not yet been integrated into the electricity supply. A general integration of CHP and wind power at the European level is expected to be achieved only by an active public regulation. Consequently, eventual barriers within the participating countries are identified as part of the project and suggestions to overcome these barriers are presented.

Meeting national and European standards
DESIRE draws on the experiences of the countries involved in the project and promotes the integration of CHP and wind power into the European electricity supply. On the basis of the knowledge built, it will be possible to integrate balancing techniques on different scales in all European countries. The project will have an impact on the European electricity supply as a whole and will contribute to the meeting of both national and European standards for the deployment of renewable energy and CHP. Through a further development and implementation of these technologies, it will be possible to implement the EU Directives concerning the internal electricity market, the promotion of co-generation and the promotion of electricity produced on renewable sources.

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Work Packages

WP 1. The balancing problem.
Identifies key operation tasks for medium and small-sized Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plants and quantifies the problems related to the increased generation of electricity on renewable energy sources.

WP 2. Short-term solutions and long-term perspectives.
Disseminates knowledge about the technical solutions required in order to overcome the problems related to the large-scale integration of renewable energy and CHP.

WP 3. Barriers and opportunities for demonstrating projects in participant countries.
Identifies the regulatory and trading conditions that affect the project demonstrations in the different countries.

WP 4. Developing organisational set-ups, optimising tools and IT for demonstrating projects.
Designs and develops the set-ups, tools and IT needed for the demonstration of the balancing system.

WP 5. Demonstration projects.
Demonstrates the set-ups, the tools and the IT developed in WP 4.

WP 6. Evaluation and recommendations.
Reviews the operation of the demonstrations in WP5 and makes recommendations on the best way of promoting the balancing techniques.

WP 7. Home page.
Designs and operates the project home page.

WP 8. Participation at meetings and conferences.
Disseminates the knowledge created to a large number of operators and authorities.

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Consortium meeting in Bilbao, October 2006

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Number Logo Name Short

1 Aalborg University,
Sustainable Energy Planning Research Group
AAU Denmark

2 EMD International A/S EMD Denmark

3 PlanEnergi PE Denmark

4 University of Birmingham UoB UK

5 Institut fur Solare Energieversorgungstechnik
Verein an der Universitat Kassel e.V.
ISET Germany

6 Universitat Kassel UniK Germany

7 EMD Deutschland, Chun und andere GBR EMD-DE Germany

8 Fundacion Labein Labein Spain

9 Warzaw University of Technology WUT Poland

10 Tallin University of Technology TUT Estonia

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