Dissemination Strategy on Electricity Balancing
for Large Scale Integration of Renewable Energy
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Deliverables
Del. no. Deliverable name Work Package number Lead participant
D 0.1 Project presentation

Abstract: This document contains a brief presentation of the DESIRE project. The presentation is an overall introduction to the project, while further details can be found in the other project deliverables.

0 AAU
D 0.2 Final plan for using and disseminating Knowledge

Abstract: This deliverable provides an overview of the dissemination activities carried out during the project. Furthermore, it provides a complete picture of the knowledge created during the project and presents a plan for the future application and use of the project results. The inputs for the deliverable have been prepared by each work package leader.

0 AAU
D 0.3 Report on raising public participation and awareness

Abstract: This report demonstrates the involvement of other actors in the project. It is described how other actors beyond the Consortium have been involved in raising public awareness and exploring the wider societal implications of the project work.

0 AAU
D 1.1 Data for analysing balancing problems in selected regions

Abstract: This document contains the data for analysing balancing problems in the selected regions of Estonia, Denmark, Germany, Poland, Spain and the UK. This is the final version. Editorial amendments have been made 2005-12-22.

1 PE
D 1.2 Data for analysing balancing problems affecting European electricity interconnectors

Abstract: This deliverable describes the collected data concerning international transmission lines connecting the six regions chosen in D1.1 with neighbouring regions and countries. They will form part of the background for calculations regarding the benefits of increased transmission capacity compared to increased internal regulating capacity.

1 PE
D 1.3 Reference EnergyPLAN models for all regions for the present and for the future

Abstract: This deliverable describes the calculations of reference scenarios for the six regions.

1 PE
D 1.4 Report on the understanding of the character of the balancing problems and strategies for solving it, emphasising the role of CHP (short term)

Abstract: This deliverable discusses the use of CHP for balancing fluctuating electricity production (wind turbines) on the basis of energy scenario calculations performed by the EnergyPLAN programme [D 1.3] It is partly based on calculations performed for Western Denmark 2020 and partly on new calculations using the reference scenarios presented in D 1.3.

1 PE
D 1.5 Report on the understanding of the character of the balancing problems and strategies for solving it, emphasising the role of CHP (long term)

Abstract: This deliverable makes use of the reference scenarios established in D 1.3 for the analysis of the long-term balancing of increased amounts of fluctuating electricity production in the six regions defined in D 1.1 The analysis is partly based on the description of balancing technologies in D 2.3.

1 PE
D 2.1 Analysis of CHP designs and boundary conditions in different European countries 2 UniK
D 2.2 Concepts for small scale CHP units to be integrated into buildings or industry and medium scale CHP units with district heating 2 UniK
D 2.3 Long term perspectives for balancing fluctuating renewable energy sources 2 UniK
D 2.4 Short-term and long-term guidelines to promote CHP concepts with heat accumulators and the perspective of CHP plants and other technologies that use thermal energy storage and their implementation in the European Union

Abstract: D. 2.4 is a brochure elaborated by the end of the project. The brochure presents the project, the knowledge created and the results achieved throughout the project.

2 UniK
D 3.1 Analysis of the future impact of EU directives on conditions for balancing of CHP and wind power and Analysis of the impact of country-specific regulatory conditions on balancing

Abstract: The document summarises the most relevant articles of the EU-Directives affecting the balancing techniques proposed in DESIRE, and describes the ways in which those directives have been implemented into national regulation in the countries participating in the project

3 LABEiN
D 3.2 Potential for access to electricity markets for the demonstration projects in the different country-case studies

Abstract: The nature of the markets in place in every one of the countries participating in the project is examined in this document, so that the most appropriate forms of arrangements for demonstration can be established in each of the country-case studies in this project. This document includes the governing rules affecting, and the opportunities for, provision of a combined CHP-wind solution in each of the markets (day-ahead, hour-ahead, ancillary services, etc). The countries covered are Spain, Denmark, UK, Germany, Poland and Estonia.

3 LABEiN
D 3.3 Attitudes of market actors to the demonstration projects

Abstract: This document presents the vision that the actors active in different markets have about wind power, CHP and the combined use of both technologies so that electricity imbalances can be reduced. The markets considered are those of the countries participating in the project, that is, Spain, Denmark, UK, Germany, Poland and Estonia.

3 LABEiN
D 4.1 - 4.4 Description of markets, optimising tools and cost-effective IT solutions for the balancing system.

Abstract: The central aim of the DESIRE project is to disseminate ways in which CHP plants with big CHP-capacity and big thermal stores can help achieving a balance between supply and demand in a system with fluctuating wind power productions. In this report (containing the deliveries 4.1 to 4.4 from work package 4) is described the markets, at which the balancing takes place, design and development of the particular organisational set-ups, optimising tools and informational technology to be used in the DESIRE demonstrations made in work package 5.

4 EMD
D 5.1 Part 1 Demonstration of balancing systems in Denmark

Abstract: Based on the market conditions described in WP3 and WP 4 the operation of CHP-plants with thermal stores to balance the fluctuation between electricity demand and the supply of generation are demonstrated for Denmark, Germany and UK. This report describes the co-production of CHP plants under market conditions in different demonstration cases.

Hvide Sande CHP-plant and Skagen CHP-plant have participated in DESIRE- project. As an important part of the dissemination in the DESIRE, we have in WP5 made online access to look into the operation of these two Danish CHP-plants. In this Part I is described the gained experience of selling electricity productions at the Spot Market for these two plants, and the results of simulations, in which these two plants participate in both the spot market and the regulating power market, are described.

5 EMD-DE
D 5.1 Part 2 Demonstration of balancing systems in Germany and the UK

Abstract: The demonstration case Stadtwerke Schw?bisch Hall in Germany is based on simulations of CHP-plants organising with high penetration of RES in 2020, when the price on the spot market is more influenced by the feed in of RES. The second demonstration for Germany shows how the CHP-plants can organized together to participate on the spot and ancillary services market. In UK three selected CHP sites, Portsmouth, Barkantine, PDHU, are described and simulated. The optimal thermal store and size of the CHP are calculated for variable tariffs and compared to their actual realization.

5 EMD-DE
D 6.1 - 6.3 The effectiveness of balancing wind power and CHP; the use of accumulators in the CHP plant and future balancing operations, regulatory changes and new demonstration programmes.

Abstract: The most effective path towards balancing of wind power and CHP and increasing the profitability of CHP involves the use of thermal stores to sell electricity on competitive electricity markets. However, current European electricity markets are either uncompetitive or discriminate against small players. New incentives are needed to boost CHP in all country-case studies, although efforts to disseminate information about CHP and thermal stores have been successful when combined with such incentives and planning obligations to ensure the development of community heating with CHP.

6 UoB
D 7.1 Internet based web server

Abstract: In Task 7.1 the basic for the work in task 7.2 were created. A differentiation between the results of task 7.1 and beginning of the work in task 7.2 is not possible. The web server and the document management server needs the same software base and have to be implemented at the same time. An installation of the web server without the installation of the document server is not reasonable.

7 ISET
D 7.2 Internet based document server and email administration utility

Abstract: In Task 7.2 the web server and the document management server were installed and put into operation. After a test phase the system can be used to share documents between project members and to publish information to interested visitors. The URL project home page will be http://www.project-desire.org/.

7 ISET
D 7.3 Display of online data from the demonstration sites

Abstract: Online data of output power of the wind turbines and the CHP plants will be displayed on the web page open to the public to show the performance and the advantages of the optimisation tools. At this stage of the project it is not yet possible to implement a final solution for the demonstration of the online data. Therefore only the mechanism of the data transfer and display is installed as a first step. This mechanism may be modified and expanded as the project proceeds and the input of other WPs is available.

7 ISET
D 7.4 Support, administration and maintenance of the system (during project duration, two or more years after the end project)

Abstract: In Task 7.4 the web server and the document management server are in operation. The objective of the activities was to enable an uninterrupted operation of the system and a further development of the components. Further the administration of the DESIRE home page and of the project management system and the support of the users were part of the activities. The support, administration and maintenance of the DESIRE homepage will proceed beyond the end of the project for about 2 years. The main task of the DESIRE homepage for the future will be the dissemination of the project results. To perform this new task and to reduce the effort of administration and maintenance for the next years, the DESIRE homepage will be redesigned until the end of the project.

7 ISET
D 8.1 One report with review of participation in conferences, meetings or seminars

Abstract: Today big power plants are used to balance most aspects of electricity supply and demand. The DESIRE project will disseminate cutting edge software tools and systems that will enable small and medium sized CHP-plants to combine or 'coproduce' their electricity allowing them to partly balance the fluctuating output of wind turbines thus ensuring that most wind power can be used locally, thereby relieving the pressure on system operators to offload surplus wind. In turn this will relieve pressure on international inter-connectors and allow international trade in electricity to be come more competitive. This will allow consumer electricity prices to be lower and the quality of electricity supplied to become higher. CHP can work with wind power to produce a balanced, more predictable, supply of electricity because of techniques disseminated in this project. CHP plant need accumulators (heat storage) to act in this way. When there is excessive wind power production, the CHP unit decreases production and relies on its heat store in the accumulator to satisfy its heat demand. When wind production is low, the CHP plant operates in order to build up heat stores and make up for a lack of wind power electricity production. This is the theory of the coproduction system being demonstrated in this project. The techniques of coordinating CHP and wind power plant mean that these plants can help maintain reliability for electricity supplies rather than make a problem for the electricity system that can jeopardise international trade in electricity.

8 AAU
D 8.2 One report with ten articles or papers

Abstract: The main topic of the article is the integration of the transport and the energy sector in the case of Denmark. The article illustrates and quantifies the mutual benefits of integrating strategies for future energy and transport CO2 emissions control. Today, this issue is very relevant in Denmark due to the high share of fluctuating renewable energy produced in the country. In the future, such issue will apply to other countries that plan to use a high share of renewable energy. In short, the energy sector can help the transport sector to replace oil by renewable energy and CHP, while the transport sector can assist the energy system in integrating a higher share of intermittent energy and CHP. Two scenarios for partial conversion of the transport fleet have been considered. One is battery cars combined with hydrogen fuel cell cars, while the other is the use of biofuel (ethanol) and synthetic fuel (methanol) for internal combustion cars. An increase in the fraction of electricity delivered by fluctuating sources like wind power will lead to excess electricity production, and the two scenarios have a substantial effect on the decrease of the excess production.

8 AAU