Dissemination Strategy on Electricity Balancing
for Large Scale Integration of Renewable Energy
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Dissemination Activities:


Articles: Aalborg University   EMD INternational A/S   PlanEnergi   University of Birmingham   ISET   Universität Kassel
EMD Deutschland, Chun und andere GBR   Fundación Labein   Warzaw University of Technology   Tallin University of Technology

Conferences: Aalborg University   EMD INternational A/S   PlanEnergi   University of Birmingham   ISET   Universität Kassel
EMD Deutschland, Chun und andere GBR   Fundación Labein   Warzaw University of Technology   Tallin University of Technology


Articles:


DESIRE WP8 Articles


Aalborg University
Integrated transportation and energy sector CO2 emission control strategies
Author: Henrik Lund and Ebbe Münster
Abstract: The main topic of the article is the integration of the transport and the energy sector in the case of Denmark. The article illustrates and quantifies the mutual benefits of integrating strategies for future energy and transport CO2 emissions control. Today, this issue is very relevant in Denmark due to the high share of fluctuating renewable energy produced in the country. In the future, such issue will apply to other countries that plan to use a high share of renewable energy. In short, the energy sector can help the transport sector to replace oil by renewable energy and CHP, while the transport sector can assist the energy system in integrating a higher share of intermittent energy and CHP. Two scenarios for partial conversion of the transport fleet have been considered. One is battery cars combined with hydrogen fuel cell cars, while the other is the use of biofuel (ethanol) and synthetic fuel (methanol) for internal combustion cars. An increase in the fraction of electricity delivered by fluctuating sources like wind power will lead to excess electricity production, and the two scenarios have a substantial effect on the decrease of the excess production.
Date: 05/22/2006
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Learnings from Wind Energy Policy in EU, With Focus on Denmark, Sweden and Spain.
Author: Niels I. Meyer
Abstract: The paper describes the learnings from different wind energy policies in EU and compares the Danish development to that in Sweden and Spain. It is concluded that liberalisation of the electricity market in EU has created a number of problems for the promotion of wind power and for the establishment of a sustainable energy development in general.
Date: 03/07/2007
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Cogeneration of power & heat and cogeneration of power and desalinated water; modelling for optimal system performance
Author: Poul Alberg Østergaard
Abstract: Cogeneration of heat & power and cogeneration of desalinated water and power have similarities from an energy systems perspective. Both introduce limitations in the freedom of action but also introduce possibilities for integrating fluctuating renewable energy sources. Through energy systems analyses, it was demonstrated how storage tanks desalinated water could introduce a buffer corresponding to heat storages for optimising performance of energy systems with respect to integrating fluctuating energy sources.
Date: 01/22/2007
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EMD International A/S
New CHP Partnerships offering balancing of fluctuating Renewable Electricity Productions
Author: Anders N. Andersen and Henrik Lund
Abstract: The paper present solutions, which will integrate fluctuating renewable electricity supplies such as wind power into electricity systems using small and medium seized Combined Heat and Power plants (CHP). Such solutions calls for new organisational setup for partnerships and software tools to be used by partnerships of small and medium seized CHP, enabling them e.g. to combine and act as virtual big power plants.
Date: 2007
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PlanEnergi
Comparison of Electricity Balancing for Large Scale Integration of Renewable Energy in six European Regions.
Author: Ebbe Münster
Abstract: This paper address the question of balancing fluctuating electricity productions from renewable energy sources in Europe a) by the use of additional capacity of interregional transmission lines versus b) by increasing the balancing capacity of the regional production and distribution system. The aim has been to identify technologies and in particular mix of technologies which will enable the increase in fluctuating and unforeseeable electrical productions which will be the result of the fulfilment of the current EU energy plans. It is found that new transmission lines often cannot compete economically with measures to improve the internal balancing potential of the regions involved. Part of the reason for this is the large costs and long planning periods involved in the strengthening of the internal transmission networks which are necessary to distribute the increased exports and imports. The fundamental changes of the production and distribution systems for electricity which are mainly caused by the rapid development of the information technology and the liberalisation of the markets are shown to have a positive potential for the growing balancing requirements. The scenario analyses have been carried out for the electrical production and consumption systems in six regions in Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Great Brittan, Spain, and Poland.
Date: 06/03/2006 - 06/08/2006
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Energy Trader
Author: Ebbe Münster
Abstract: Based on the findings of the Energy Camp 2005 an idea for a system for optimal operation of household appliances, the Energy Trader, was developed. The core of the idea is to make information on online energy prices (eventually prognoses for prices) available for a central unit in the house. This unit is also able to communicate with all relevant appliances including heating elements via Bluetooth or similar wireless protocols. If mass production could bring the price for such systems down to less than say 1000 they might be commercially relevant and have important positive effects on the DSM capacity of the entire distribution system. The idea need political support because it relies on the necessary standards for communication to be decided.
Date: 03/03/2006


University of Birmingham
Optimal Design of Combined Heat and Power Plants Using Thermal Stores in the UK
Author: Aikaterini Fragaki, David Toke and Anders N. Andersen,
Abstract: There has been discussion about the extent to which combined heat and power (CHP) plants with thermal stores are suitable for sustainable energy production and, under certain conditions, for integration of wind energy. At the moment, in the UK the development of this type of plant is limited. This paper analyses the economics and optimum size of (CHP) operating with gas engines and thermal stores in British market conditions assuming that all electricity is exported to the public electricity supply. This is achieved using energyPRO software. It is shown that, due to the big differences in electricity prices between day and night, the use of thermal stores could make the practice of exporting electricity from CHP plant much more profitable in the UK. The optimal size of CHP plant (exporting its electricity to the grid) for a district or community heating load of 20000 MWh per year is found to be a 3MWe gas engine with a 7.8 MWh thermal store. In this case the analysis reveals that the use of thermal store more than doubles the return on investments (as measured in net present value). It is concluded that thermal stores can improve the overall economics of CHP plants in present British circumstances.
Date: 11/09/2005
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DESIRE UK - Summary of Interim Research Conclusions
Author: David Toke and Katerina Fragaki
Abstract: The economic performance of community (and some industrial) CHP will be considerably increased by the use of thermal stores. Our modelling suggests that the optimum economic size in MWe is increased by over 50 per cent for a given example. Moreover, if, in addition to this, CHP units are `aggregated´ together to sell power to the grid, the economic performance of the CHP units will be further enhanced, and the optimum size of CHP plant increased by even greater amounts. This activity depends on the use of the thermal store system to sell exported power directly to wholesale power markets through aggregated despatch. Moreover, recent changes in planning policy guidance and incentives inherent in new building regulations create great potential for development of community heating and CHP in new building developments.
Date: 10/2006
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Incentives for CHP Development in the UK
Author: Aikaterini Fragaki, Richard Green and David Toke
Abstract: This will disseminate information concerning incentives available to CHP in the UK compared to other countries. This article assesses the impact of the UK government´s measures to promote CHP schemes, the most important of which is exemption from the Climate Change Levy (CCL), in support of its target for 2010 of 10,000 MWe of CHP generating capacity. This paper analyses the effectiveness of this exemption in terms of its impact on key investment parameters. It is shown that CCL exemption can reduce quite significantly the simple pay back period for a CHP project and has higher impact on the IRR compared to an accelerated depreciation policy.
Date: 11/09/2005
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Institut für Solare Energieversorgungstechnik Verein an der Universität Kassel e.V.
Wind power forecasting
Author: Bernhard Lange
Abstract: The chapter explains the role wind power forecasting plays in tackling the challenge of the fluctuating power output of wind power. In the electricity system, supply and demand must be equal at each time. Thus, in an electricity system with an important share of wind power, new methods of balancing supply and demand are needed. Therefore wind power forecasting is the prerequisite for the integration of a large share of wind power in an electricity system, as it links the weather dependent production with the scheduled production of conventional power plants and the forecast of the electricity demand, the latter being predictable with reasonable accuracy.
Date: 03/15/2007
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Universität Kassel
Speicherung von thermischer Energie zum Ausgleich der Stromerzeugung aus Windenergie
Author: John Sievers
Abstract: The intention of this article is to present the technical results of the DESIRE project. Heat stores are a necessary module for balancing wind power fluctuations by the instruments Demand Side Management and Cogeneration. The results were obtained by calculations, which have quantified how far this is possible. Like legislation for instance in Denmark and Germany has shown it is possible to set the right boundary conditions and to then obtain the DESIRED results; in this case a high share of wind power and cogeneration.
Date: 09/17/2007
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EMD Deutschland
Flexible KWK-Anlagen können den Bedarf an Regelenergie für den weiteren Ausbau der Erneuerbaren Energien mindern (Flexible CHP plants can reduce the demand for regulating power in the further development of renewable energy)
Author: Peter Ritter
Abstract: 1. Benefit of flexible CHP with thermal stores and DESIRE. 2. Article with 5000 letters. 3. Dissemination of the benefit of flexible CHP
Date: 2007
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Flexible KWK-Anlagen können einen Teil der für den weiteren Ausbau der Erneuerbaren Energien erforderlichen Regelenergie abdecken (Flexible CHP plants can cover a share of the demand for regulating power in the further development of renewable energy)
Author: Peter Ritter
Abstract: 1. Benefit of flexible CHP with thermal stores and DESIRE. 2. Article with 17700 letters 1 table and 7 figures . 3. Dissemination of the benefit of flexible CHP
Date: 2007
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Fundación Labein
Virtual wind and cogeneration power plant (In Spanish: Central virtual de energía eólica y cogeneración)
Author: Carlos Madina
Abstract: The increase of electricity production from renewable energy sources resulted, under certain circumstances, in some operational problems in different countries for the system operator, due to the lack of dispatch capacity of these technologies. Usually, installed capacity and/or electricity output from these plants is limited, but there is an alternative solution, which consists in the joint use of renewable and non-renewable energy sources. This paper presents the results from DESIRE project (contract TREN/05/FP6EN/S07.43516/ 513473), which is funded by the European Commission under the 6th Framework Programme, and which analyses the joint use of wind power and Combined Heat and Power (CHP) to create a Virtual Power Plant, whose output can be dispatched. The analysis carried out in the project demonstrates that these virtual power plants offer benefits to the system as a whole. Nevertheless, present regulatory conditions in the different countries analysed offer barriers to the creation of these virtual power plants. The main barrier for Spain is the lack of flexible CHP, but, under certain circumstances, flexible CHP proves to be more economically feasible than traditional CHP, so it should be considered when installing a new CHP plant.
Date: 05/07/2007
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Warzaw University of Technology
Renewable Energy Production - the Comparison for Countries Members of DESIRE Project.
Author: Krzysztof Wojdyga, Marcin Lec, Rafal Laskowski
Abstract: The situations of energy market in the countries participate in DESIRE project are different. In this paper the situation sources of energy, especially renewable sources of energy are presented. Energy assumptions these countries till 2025 with special including renewable sources of energy are shown.
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Date: 05/17 - 05/20/2006


Dissemination strategy on electricity balancing for large scale integration of renewable energy - DESIRE Project.
Author: Krzysztof Wojdyga, Marcin Lec and Rafal Laskowski
Abstract: DESIRE will disseminate practices which will integrate fluctuating renewable electricity supplies such as wind power into electricity systems using combined heat and power. This integration will make possible an increase in pan-European trade in electricity, it will improve the economic competitiveness of both CHP and wind power and it will increase the ability of electricity system operators to handle increasing quantities of electricity generated by decentralized sources.
Date: 05/17 - 05/20/2006
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Energy storage in view of cogeneration systems generating heat and electricity.
Author: Krzysztof Wojdyga and Malgorzata Kwestarz
Abstract: The problems of energy storage are presenting regarding various form of energy. Considerable attention is given to thermal energy. A model of energy production (including electricity, heat and cool) has been defined. The energy storage and mutual energy conservation possibilities are also described. Examples of the existing systems are given. Concluding remarks show potential technical and economical advantages resulting from the exploitation of heat storage bins.
Date: 09/17 - 09/20/2006
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Cooperation of associated systems supplying heat engineering plants containing renewable electricity sources.
Author: Krzysztof Wojdyga and Malgorzata Kwestarz
Abstract: The problems connected with the balancing of the electricity production in wind power plants are presented. The paper takes into account spread cogeneration systems for heat and electricity. The problem is still nonexistent in the Polish market because of the technological aspects of heat and electricity production. However, it is a matter of interest in such countries as Germany, Denmark or Spain. The detail technical and economic analyses are included in the DESIRE 6 FP of the UE General Program.
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Date: 05/17 - 05/20/2006


Tallin University of Technology
Cogeneration plants can compensate wind farm power imbalance
Author: Heiki Tammoja and Olaf Terno
Abstract: The paper states the principle of using cogeneration plants with thermal storages for balancing the varying output of wind turbines. In the paper the Danish experiences with such control technologies are shown.The paper's main aime is to initiate a discussion of using thermal storeges at cogeneration plants. Till now thermal storages are not used at cogeneration plants in Estonia. Tthe paper ends up with a proposal to continue the DESIRE Project in Estonia with elaboration of long term plan for development of CHP plants wiith energy stores in Estonia, and for introduction of required changes in Estonian legislation (Amendments to the Elektricity Market Acty etc)
Date: 02/20/2006
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Qua vadis, Heat and Power Co-generation in Estonia
Author: Heki Tammoja
Abstract: The paper gives a review of the seminar titled - Qua vadis, heat and power cogeneration in Estonia, organised by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communication, power company Estonian Energy and Tallinn University of Technology on 2. August in the new building of Power Engineering faculty of TUT. . Economic and technical problems of CHP development, dispersed generation and existing plans of CHP plant projects were considered at the seminar. The role of DESIRE project for broader application of wind turbines was especially outlined as well in seminar, so in the published overview.
Date: 09/20/2006
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Conferences:


DESIRE WP8 Conferences

Aalborg University
The DESIRE project
Author: Henrik Lund
Abstract: Today big power plants are used to balance most aspects of electricity supply and demand. The DESIRE project will disseminate cutting edge software tools and systems that will enable small and medium sized CHP-plants to combine or 'coproduce' their electricity allowing them to partly balance the fluctuating output of wind turbines thus ensuring that most wind power can be used locally, thereby relieving the pressure on system operators to offload surplus wind. In turn this will relieve pressure on international inter-connectors and allow international trade in electricity to be come more competitive. This will allow consumer electricity prices to be lower and the quality of electricity supplied to become higher. CHP can work with wind power to produce a balanced, more predictable, supply of electricity because of techniques disseminated in this project. CHP plant need accumulators (heat storage) to act in this way. When there is excessive wind power production, the CHP unit decreases production and relies on its heat store in the accumulator to satisfy its heat demand. When wind production is low, the CHP plant operates in order to build up heat stores and make up for a lack of wind power electricity production. This is the theory of the coproduction system being demonstrated in this project. The techniques of coordinating CHP and wind power plant mean that these plants can help maintain reliability for electricity supplies rather than make a problem for the electricity system that can jeopardise international trade in electricity.
Date: 05/10/2007
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30 års aktiv energipolitik og hvad så nu? (In English: 30 years? of active energy policy and what now?)
Author: Henrik Lund
Abstract: The presentation focussed on Danish energy policies during the past 30 years and the possibility of integrating new technologies in the future energy system. The technologies developed with DESIRE play an important part in this energy system.
Date: 10/2006
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Learnings from Wind Energy Policy in EU, With Focus on Denmark, Sweden and Spain.
Author: Niels I. Meyer
Abstract: The paper describes the learnings from different wind energy policies in EU and compares the Danish development to that in Sweden and Spain. It is concluded that liberalisation of the electricity market in EU has created a number of problems for the promotion of wind power and for the establishment of a sustainable energy development in general.
Date: 03-07-2007
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Cogeneration of power & heat and cogeneration of power and desalinated water; modelling for optimal system performance
Author: Poul Alberg Østergaard
Abstract: Cogeneration of heat & power and cogeneration of desalinated water and power have similarities from an energy systems perspective. Both introduce limitations in the freedom of action but also introduce possibilities for integrating fluctuating renewable energy sources. Through energy systems analyses, it was demonstrated how storage tanks desalinated water could introduce a buffer corresponding to heat storages for optimising performance of energy systems with respect to integrating fluctuating energy sources.
Date: 01/22/2007
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EMD International A/S
The electricity market
Author: Anders N. Andersen,
Abstract: EMD was invited to tell at this course about the results and methods in the DESIRE-project.
Date: 03/12/2007
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How can CHP plants help balancing the system
Author: Anders N. Andersen
Abstract: In the presentation was shown the necessity for CHP plants offering balancing of fluctuating Renewable Electricity Productions, and the necessity for larger amounts of Regulating Power when balancing fluctuating Renewable Electricity Productions. In the presentation was shown how CHP plants offers regulating power.
Date: 11/09/2005
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How CHP plants with big thermal stores can help balancing the system
Author: Anders N. Andersen
Abstract: In the presentation was shown the necessity for CHP plants offering balancing of fluctuating Renewable Electricity Productions, and the necessity for larger amounts of Regulating Power when balancing fluctuating Renewable Electricity Productions. In the presentation was shown how CHP plants offers regulating power.
Date: 05/09/2006
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Into depth with the electricity market (In Danish: Gå i dybden med elmarkedet)
Author: Anders N. Andersen
Abstract: At the course EMD was invited to tell at this course about the bidding methods at spot market and regulating power market, being disseminated in the DESIRE-project.
Date: 05/02/2007
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PlanEnergi
The Benefit of integrated Energy and Transportation CO2 Emission Control Strategies.
Author: Ebbe Münster
Abstract: This paper analyses mutual benefits of integrating future energy and transport CO2 emissions control strategies. The paper illustrates and quantifies for the case of Denmark the mutual benefit of integrating the transport and the energy sector. In short, the energy sector can help the transport sector in replacing oil by renewable energy and CHP. While the transport sector can help the energy system in integrating a higher degree of intermittent energy and CHP. Two scenarios for partial conversion of the transport fleet have been considered. One is battery cars combined with hydrogen fuel cell cars and the other is the use of biofuel (ethanol) and synthetic fuel (methanol) for internal combustion cars. Both scenarios have a substantial effect on decreasing the excess electricity production caused by an eventual increase in the fraction of electricity delivered by fluctuating sources like wind turbines. Henrik Lund was co-author for this paper. It was later published in `Transport Policy´ with Henrik Lund as corresponding author. (reported for WP8 by Henrik Lund)
Date: 05/23 - 05/24/2005
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Explanation of the low potential for the balancing of fluctuating electricity production, which is typical for nuclear power
Author: Ebbe Münster
Abstract: The use of nuclear power in general and the Euratom Treaty in particular were in focus at this conference organised by Friends of the Earth, Organisationen for Vedvarende Energi, NOAH, IDA a.o. With reference to the DESIRE project I contributed to the discussion in relation to the low potential for the balancing of fluctuating electricity production, which is typical for nuclear power.
Date: 09/23/2005
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Explanation of the possibility for increasing the share of wind power for electricity production in Denmark by the use of heat pumps at the decentralised CHP plants.
Author: Ebbe Münster
Abstract: The conference was organised by the Danish Energy Association , Ris? Research Center a.o. Referring to the DESIRE project I stressed the possibility for increasing the share of wind power for electricity production in Denmark by the use of heat pumps at the decentralised CHP plants.
Date: 09/20/2006
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Explanation of the importance of performing dynamic scenario analysis of the electrical distribution system.
Author: Ebbe Münster
Abstract: The point of view of the importance of the dynamic behaviour of the energy system and the need to perform dynamic scenario analysis of the electrical distribution system in particular was raised.
Date: 01/23/2006
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Explanation of core idea of the DESIRE project.
Author: Ebbe Münster
Abstract: The meetings were each attended by app. 200 members of the Association (mainly wind turbine owners) along with invited guests. The first meeting included a speech by the minister of environment, the second by a member of parliament. At such meetings the questions of the value of wind power electricity and the problem of the excess electricity is always in focus. At both meetings I explained the core idea of the DESIRE project: To make use of the heat accumulators and eventual heat pumps at the CHP plants to improve the capacity of the electricity system to balance fluctuating electricity production sources like wind power.
Date: 11/04/2006 and 02/05/2007
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University of Birmingham
DESIRE Public Seminar
Author: David Toke
Abstract: The seminar explained the DESIRE project and the types of integration techniques (centring on CHP-wind co-production demonstrations). The aim of this meeting was to solidify cooperation for the initiative among key players as a preparation for the demonstrations of the co-production, after which there will be wider dissemination including a rather larger event.
Date: 11/09/2005
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Where Will DESIRE get us
Author: David Toke and Senior Lecturer
Abstract: This event spread information about the aims of the DESIRE project and use of thermal stores in integrating renewables into the grid and also improving CHP economics
Date: 11/09/2005
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DESIRE UK Dissemination Conference held at the University of Birmingham May 18th
Author: David Toke and Katerina Fragaki
Abstract: Over 60 people attended this conference representing a range of companies concerned with CHP, local authority officers, potential developers, Councillors, consultants and academics. The Conference was addressed by D. Toke, K. Fragaki and a range of expert speakers discussing practical implementation of strategies involving CHP and thermal stores.
Date: 05/18/2007
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Interactive Load Management
Author: David Toke
Abstract: This described the Danish system of using CHP with thermal stores to integrate fluctuating renewable energy supplies into the grid and also discussed how this could be transferred into the UK
Date: 01/24/2006
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Wind Power Planning And Finance In The United Kingdom Future Prospects
Author: David Toke
Abstract: The prospects of wind power were discussed for the UK taking into account the issues surrounding the Renewable Obligation and also the balancing issue
Date: 06/12/2006 - 06/15/2006
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Energy Efficiency in the UK (ENERGEX 2006 Conference)
Author: David Toke
Abstract: The make-up and costs of different demand reduction strategies including the impact of CHP were analysed.
Date: 06/12/2006 - 06/15/2006
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Explanation of core ideas behind the DESIRE project.
Author: Ebbe Münster
Abstract: The importance of coordinating the establishment of new communication networks including all decentralised electricity producers and major consumers between the two purposes: A. securing stability and balance in smaller regions of the transmission grid (cells). B. Enabling fast and effective online markets for the balancing of fluctuating electricity producers, was discussed with representative of the TSO. Relevant links and documents were exchanged.
Date: 05/16/2007
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Institut für Solare Energieversorgungstechnik Verein an der Universität Kassel e.V.
Integration of Wind Power into the Electrical Energy Supply System in Germany - The ISET Wind Power Management System
Author: Bernhard Lange
Abstract: The talk gives an overview about the wind power management system and especially the forecasting system developed by ISET and also used in the DESIRE project.
Date: 11/09/2005
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Universität Kassel
"EU-Project DESIRE - The assisting role of co-generation for a power supply with renewable energies", a presentation given by John Sievers from Kassel University
Author: Heiki Tammoja and Olaf Terno
Abstract: To avoid excess wind power and balance wind power fluctuations using cogeneration plants with thermal storages was the main aim of the presentation. Different energy storing means and demand side management were considered, replacement of centralised and de-centralised only heat boilers in industry and district heating plants with CHP also.
Date: 09/18/2006
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Speicherung von thermischer Energie zum Ausgleich der Stromerzeugung aus Windenergie Type of activity Presentation
Author: Sievers, John
Abstract: The intention of this presentation is to inform about the technical results of the DESIRE project. Heat stores are a necessary module for balancing wind power fluctuations by the instruments Demand Side Management and Cogeneration. The results were obtained by calculations, which have quantified how far this is possible. Like legislation for instance in Denmark and Germany has shown it is possible to set the right boundary conditions and to then obtain the DESIRED results; in this case a high share of wind power and cogeneration.
Date: 11/20/2007
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EMD Deutschland, Chun und andere GBR
Software zum Betrieb von Energieerzeugungsanlagen im liberalisierten Strommarkt (Softwaretool for operation of power generation systems in the liberalisised market)
Author: Peter Ritter
Abstract: 1. This Network of Energy and Communication are interested to know about our activities of DESIRE. 2. We present a Power point presentation with short discussion by 30ty participants. 3. We get useful contacts. Based of them maybe projects will be created for the future.
Date: 04/11/2006
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Higher economic benefits for CHP plants with thermal stores. (Erhöhte Wirtschaftlichkeit von KWK-Anlagen durch große Wärmespeicher)
Author: Peter Ritter
Abstract: 1. Forum for CHP operators promote DESIRE 2. Detail description of generation and the benefits 3. We get useful contacts. 4. Feedback of the participants, CHP in Germany is low goal of the government.
Date: 11/29/2006 - 11/30/2006
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Fundación Labein
Wind-CHP "Virtual Power Plants" in different European countries
Author: Carlos Madina
Abstract: The presentation compared the possibilities that regulatory frameworks in the countries participating in DESIRE offer for the balancing techniques proposed in the project. Europe is facing/will face important energy challenges, so wind power and CHP can be good solutions, but they both have problems, so the combined use of them can reduce each technology's problems, but, before implementing the combined use, the regulatory conditions must be determined and, therefore, a summary of WP3 was made. As a result of the analysis, it could be seen that conditions are good in Denmark; they can quite easily be good also in Germany if market integration of RES is promoted; Spain required the promotion of flexible CHP; the UK needs the promotion of flexible CHP and a better promotion of wind power; Poland has a good potential, but requires that the regulation takes the right direction to promote wind power and flexible CHP, and to effectively open the electricity market; and Estonia needs to open its electricity market, before thinking of using these techniques.
Date: 05/17/2006
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Methods used by Spanish utilities to integrate the rapidly increasing capacity of wind power in Spain into the electricity grid
Author: Carlos Madina
Abstract: The presentation described the problems that the integration of wind power into electricity grids creates on network operators. It started with an overview to the situation and the development of wind power in Spain, which problems it has created and how the system operators solve them. Conclusions are that, although wind power creates some problems to Spanish system operators, they are able to solve them at the moment, or the needed regulatory chages are under preparation, to help them in solving those problems.
Date: 11/09/2005
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Presentation of DESIRE project
Author: Carlos Madina and Miguel Ángel Sanz-Labein
Abstract: Presentation of project objectives to staff from different activities (generation, distribution, supply), as well as receiving information for D3.3. In further interviews intermediate results and final results were also presented.
Date: 06/22/2006, 11/07/2005, 11/15/2005, 04/18/2006, 02/20/2007
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Warzaw University of Technology
Renewable Energy Production - the Comparison for Countries Members of DESIRE Project.
Author: Krzysztof Wojdyga, Marcin Lec and Rafal Laskowski
Abstract: The situations of energy market in the countries participate in DESIRE project are different. In this paper the situation sources of energy, especially renewable sources of energy are presented. Energy assumptions these countries till 2025 with special including renewable sources of energy are shown.
Date: 05/17 - 05/20/2006
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Dissemination strategy on electricity balancing for large scale integration of renewable energy - DESIRE Project.
Author: Krzysztof Wojdyga, Marcin Lec and Rafal Laskowski
Abstract: DESIRE will disseminate practices which will integrate fluctuating renewable electricity supplies such as wind power into electricity systems using combined heat and power. This integration will make possible an increase in pan-European trade in electricity, it will improve the economic competitiveness of both CHP and wind power and it will increase the ability of electricity system operators to handle increasing quantities of electricity generated by decentralized sources.
Date: 05/17 - 05/20/2006
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CHP and Renewable Energy Sources in Strategy for Developing District Heating Systems in Poland
Author: Krzysztof Wojdyga
Abstract: The Production of electricity and heat for local heat markets are important role for energy sector. Centralised heating systems cover at the average 72% of heat demand in cities and testify for it. In the power sector decentralisation strategy are recommended: development of small capacity dispersed sources, producing electricity and heat in cogeneration; acceleration of local energy resources, mainly renewable and waste; development of local energy markets. A short presentation about the DESIRE project and results was given.
Date: 10/17 - 10/19/2006
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Tallin University of Technology
DESIRE Public Seminar
Author: Heiki Tammoja
Abstract: The seminar explained the main principles of the DESIRE project and focused on the use of time-dependent feed-in tariffs and the application of the energy stores at the CHP plants. Special attention was paid to the regulating up and regulating down capacities of CHP plants with energy stores and to the market of those capacities
Date: 09/19/2006
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